Thesis Topic: Definition, Factors, How-to & Examples

What is a Thesis Topic?

A thesis topic is the main subject or theme that a student chooses to explore and analyze in their academic research project, typically at the undergraduate or graduate level. It is a focused area of inquiry that the student investigates in-depth, often with the goal of making an original contribution to their field of study

What to Consider When Choosing a Thesis Topic:

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Thesis Topic:

  • Interest and Passion: Choose a topic that genuinely interests you and that you are passionate about exploring further.
  • Relevance to Your Field: Select a topic that is relevant to your field of study or discipline. Consider current trends, unresolved questions, or emerging areas of interest within your field.
  • Originality and Contribution: Aim to choose a topic that allows you to make an original contribution to the body of knowledge in your field. Consider how your research can fill a gap, challenge existing theories, or offer new insights.
  • Feasibility: Assess the feasibility of your chosen topic in terms of scope, resources, and time constraints. Ensure that you have access to the necessary data, literature, and research methods to effectively explore your topic within the constraints of your program.
  • Career Goals: Select a topic that will allow you to develop skills, expertise, and connections relevant to your desired career path.
  • Time and Resources: Choose a topic that you can realistically complete within the timeframe of your program, considering other academic and personal commitments.

What Makes a Good Thesis Topic?

A good thesis topic is relevant, original, and feasible within your resources and expertise. It should spark your interest, possess significance in your field or society, and be clear and specific enough to guide your research. Additionally, it should be researchable, with existing literature and resources to support your investigation. By considering these factors, you can select a topic that is both meaningful and achievable for your thesis project.

How to Choose a Thesis Topic?

Think of something that interests you:

This is fundamental. Everyone has their area of interest in life or things they would like to work on or learn about. Look for professors from your university and talk to them about these areas. Tell them you’re looking for a topic for the thesis. That is the first step.

It may be childhood abandonment, teacher preparation, educational quality in universities, workplace conflicts (if you work and are pursuing a postgraduate degree), parental authoritarianism facing teenagers, or anything else. Some people define their thesis topic based on a hobby or a special occupation: it can be a sport, a cultural organization activity to which they belong, or something they enjoy doing. Theses are opportunities for professional and spiritual growth, and you should not waste them.

Try to solve a real problem:

You must try to find a solution to a real problem. It is important, and society will thank you. It is always satisfying if you can help others. Observe the problems of your community, your work, your university, or the social, economic, or political problems of your country. Explore all the problems that arise in your work or place of study. They are always a great source of inspiration.

In that case, you will produce knowledge and propose a solution at the same time. You can, for example, conduct Research-Action (RA) and test the solutions to the problems yourself, or you can, if you prefer, conduct positivist research (Projective Studies) and propose solutions for others to test. Think of everyday problems and get to work; discuss them and write about them.

Identify the events you are going to study:

After thinking about the problems, you have to identify the individual phenomena that are involved. If you have thought about what interests you, now it’s your turn to identify those specific facts or phenomena. For example, if you think that the Internet is a good area to explore, you have to make an effort to identify the specific facts within it, such as the attitudes of young people towards the Internet (a study for sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and related fields), the assistance that can be provided to companies to make them more profitable (for business managers or students studying in that field), or viewing the Internet as a means of communication or as an educational tool, which can lead to various thesis topics. All of these are individual aspects within the theme of “Internet”.

You have to delve into the details, into the very specific. It’s like saying that an “institution” is a general theme and the internal furniture, the building, and the personnel who work within it are its specific aspects. For example, if you are interested in measuring the productivity of a company, you should think about the aspects that are within the concept of productivity, such as the time dedicated to work, the amount of raw material used, or the work methods employed. If, on the contrary, you find yourself in more qualitative areas of knowledge such as motivation or attitude, perhaps you can start by observing the elements that these motivations or attitudes contain and formulate your thesis title based on that. The trick is to delve into the specific details until you reach the variables.

Give a scientific name to the events you are going to study:

If you have already thought about the specific aspects, you must now give a scientific name to such aspects or phenomena. To do this, you should read books related to the topic or speak with a teacher who knows the subject. An exercise is to enter the approximate words that describe your research topic into and search, but you can also ask for the help of a professor who is a specialist in the subject, which will save you time.

It may be that the professor is in your university and you did not know it. Searching in books also helps: You have to locate ideas or affirmations that relate to your topic. This is important because theses are elaborated with the scientific names of phenomena and not with intuitive names. For example, if the title of a thesis says “Relationship between work performance and the level of stress of employees at company X”, the concepts of “work performance” and “stress” are scientific names given to particular phenomena; you have to find those names.

Now ask the question that is related to your topic:

Theses are an answer to a question; there has to be a research question. Formerly, it was placed at a point called “Formulation of the problem”; now it is not always done, but it is still something very commonly used. Research questions must be formulated and stated.

You can have a thesis title simply by using the question as a title and removing the question marks, or rather, rephrasing it from interrogative to declarative. For example, if your question was “What statistical correlation exists between job performance and the level of work stress among employees at company X?”, your thesis title will be “Correlation between work performance and the level of work stress among employees at company X”, or simply, “Job performance and the level of work stress among employees at company X”. Remember… you conduct an investigation to answer one or several research questions, for that is the thesis.

Examples of thesis topics:

Thesis Topics in Education:

  • What is the effect of teachers’ linguistic performance on the process of learning to solve mathematical problems the students of the “X” faculty of the “Y” university?
  • What is the influence of Computer-Aided Instruction on the academic performance of the students of the subject “Mathematical Analysis” of the first year of food technology of the “X” institute of the city “Y”?
  • How does the use of meta cognitive strategies associated with the different moments of the reading process affect the academic performance of Spanish in the seventh grade of Basic Education of the “X” school of the city “Y”, country “Z”?
  • Characterization of social interactions and their relationship with the ability to learn to learn in the 5th grade students of Educational Unit “X”?
  • What is the rate of knowledge learned by students regarding the knowledge imparted by teachers in the “X” school,¬†in the “Y” city, “Z” country¬†?
  • What is the relationship between performance and repetition with respect to the curricular reform carried out between 1989 and 1993 in the subjects of the Department of Applied Mathematics of the Basic Cycle of the “X” Faculty of the “Y” University?
  • What is the basic configuration structure of the social representations about the university in the professors of the University “X”, of the country “Y”?
  • Conceptual Mastery of Chemistry in Middle School teachers in the city “X”, country “Z”


Thesis topics in management:

  • What are the administrative factors that determine the quality of the service of the Materials Unit of the Internal Marketing Division of the oil company “X”, of the country “Y”?
  • What is the relationship between cost accounting systems and business management systems in the small and medium industry in the city “X”?
  • What is the perception of the teachers of the University Institute of Technology “X” of the city “Y” about the organizational climate?
  • What are the training needs of the personnel of the company “X”, located in the city “Y”?
  • What are the management strategies used by small companies in the information technology sector to enter the market in the “X” zone?
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